World Language Course Offerings

CN120: Chinese I

Term: Year

This is an introductory course in Mandarin Chinese, the official modern language of China, also known as Putonghua. The course concentrates on pronunciation, sentence structure, conversation, development of skills for reading simple texts, and in writing characters of simplified form. Recordings will accompany each lesson. Open to all students.

CN220: Chinese II

Term: Year

This course is a continuation of CN120 and is designed to enable the student to converse in everyday Chinese. The reading emphasizes vocabulary building. Students will review and further develop sentence structure, composition, and oral expression. Open to students who have completed CN120 or its equivalent.

CN320: Chinese III

Term: Year

This course is designed to develop further the student's overall language skills through reading and discussing "Chinese Dialogue" and "Intermediate Reader of Modern Chinese." Discussion of assigned readings is conducted primarily in Chinese. Open to students who have completed CN220 or its equivalent.

CN430: Honors Chinese IV

Term: Year

This course emphasizes the reading and discussion of modern Chinese short stories and essays covering topics such as Chinese history and economics. Readings in modern Chinese newspapers are introduced in the second semester with selections from newspapers from The People's Republic of China and Taiwan. Open to students who have completed CN320 or its equivalent.

CN591: Independent Tutorial in Chinese

CN592: Independent Tutorial in Chinese

CN830: AP Chinese Language

Term: Year

This course will prepare students for the Advanced Placement Chinese Language and Culture Examination. Students taking this course must have a strong command of both written and spoken Chinese. Students will narrate stories based on a series of pictures and will give oral presentations on Chinese culture. The Language Lab will be used extensively. Upon completion of this course, students will be able to demonstrate proficiency in Mandarin Chinese across three communicative modes (interpersonal, interpretive and presentational) as well as sufficient knowledge of Chinese culture. Since the AP Examination is administered solely via computer (i.e. no handwritten component), a prerequisite of the course is proficiency in the use of either the Microsoft Pinyin or Microsoft Bopomofo programs. Open to students who have completed CN420 or the equivalent and have the permission of the instructor.

CN993: Honors Independent Tutorial in Chinese

CN994: Honors Independent Tutorial in Chinese

FR120: French I Intermediate

Term: Year

This introduction to the study of French emphasizes the four skills: writing, reading, speaking, and listening. Students learn to use practical vocabulary in a cultural context and the fundamental grammatical structures of the language, including the present, past, and future tenses. Students work in the Pinto Language Lab regularly to develop listening and speaking skills, and multimedia activities are integrated into the daily class experience. Throughout the year students read a variety of literary selections. The class is conducted in French. Students with little or no previous exposure to French should select this course. At the end of the year students will be recommended for FR220 or FR230.

FR130: Accelerated French I

Term: Year

This introduction to the study of French emphasizes the four skills: writing, reading, speaking, and listening. Students learn to use practical vocabulary in a cultural context and the fundamental grammatical structures of the language, including the present, past, and future tenses. Students work in the Pinto Language Lab regularly to develop listening and speaking skills, and multimedia activities are integrated into the daily class experience. Throughout the year students read a variety of literary selections. The class is conducted in French. Students with little or no previous exposure to French should select this course. At the end of the year students will be recommended for FR220 or FR230.

FR220: French II Intermediate

Term: Year

This course continues the study of French started in the first level, emphasizing the expansion of vocabulary and the acquisition of more complex grammatical structures. Students use the Pinto Language Lab frequently to develop listening and speaking skills. Supplementary readings and multimedia activities are integrated into the course throughout the year. Open to students who have completed FR120, FR130, or the equivalent. At the end of the year students will be recommended for FR320 or FR330.

FR230: Honors French II

Term: Year

As in FR220, this course continues the study of French started in the first level, but the pace is accelerated and the expectations are higher. All major grammatical structures are covered. Supplementary materials, such as poetry, songs, short stories and novels are integrated into the course throughout the year. Open to students who have completed FR120, FR130, or the equivalent and have the permission of the Department. At the end of the year students will be recommended for FR320 or FR330.

FR320: French III Intermediate

Term: Year

This course is a comprehensive review and expansion of the grammatical structures presented in the first two years and emphasizes the use of French in a functional context. Short stories and multimedia activities, such as music, films and audio books, supplement the curriculum. Students learn to express themselves coherently and to discuss and write about plot and general themes using target vocabulary and a broad range of verb tenses. All students will participate in a theatrical performance as a culminating experience in the spring. At the end of the year students who demonstrate strong ability and interest are encouraged to continue on to Fourth Year French. Open to all students who have completed FR220, FR230, or the equivalent.

FR330: Honors French III

Term: Year

This course is a comprehensive review and expansion of the vocabulary and grammatical structures presented in the first two years and is designed to challenge those students who have demonstrated strong ability and interest in the second year. Throughout the year students read a selection of short stories and novels and review grammar and write essays as a means of achieving greater technical accuracy and sophistication in both their written and oral expression. Through multimedia activities and oral presentations, students develop their speaking and listening skills. During the second semester students listen to a recorded short story and perform several scenes as a play. Supplementary work is offered in order to prepare students for the SAT II French test. At the end of the year students are encouraged to continue on to FR430 or FR830. Open to students who have demonstrated both strong ability and interest in FR220, FR230 or FR240, and who have the permission of the Department. Summer reading is encouraged in preparation for the next level.

FR421: French IV

Term: Semester 1

This course, in combination with FR422, is designed to broaden students' understanding of French civilization. Students explore the history, politics, and geography of France through the study of literature, films, and music. Students review grammatical structures in context by writing essays, participating in class discussions, and giving oral presentations. The goal is for students to develop a deeper appreciation of France and the French and a desire to continue to study the language. Supplementary work is offered in order to prepare students for the SAT II French test. Open to students who have completed FR320 or the equivalent.

FR422: French IV

Term: Semester 2

This course is designed to complement FR421. Students continue to work toward the goals introduced in the first semester. Students study the different regions of France and several francophone countries, and they are responsible for organizing a cultural fair for the entire school community. Open to students who have completed FR421 or the equivalent and have the permission of the Department.

FR431: Honors French IV

FR432: Honors French IV

FR591: Independent Tutorial in French

Term: Semester 1

FR592: Independent Tutorial in French

Term: Semester 2

FR830: AP French Language

Term: Year

This demanding course is designed to prepare students for the Advanced Placement French Language Examination. Students need to have a strong command of all four language skills. Throughout the year students read unedited literary and journalistic prose and watch streamed news programs on line. All students participate in a live performance at the end of the first semester. Students learn to express their opinions using argument and analysis and study advanced vocabulary and syntax. Supplementary work is offered in order to prepare students for the SAT II French test. Students are expected to take the Advanced Placement French Language Examination in May. Open to students who have completed FR240, FR330, or FR430 and have the permission of the Department.

FR940: Post-AP French Literature

Term: Year

This post-AP class is designed for students who have shown exceptional interest, ability, and achievement in French. Students will increase their knowledge of the language by studying the culture, literature, and history of French-speaking countries. The course is divided into two parts. The fall will begin by creating a foundation for cultural analysis: what is culture, how does it express itself, and how can it be objectively analyzed; classes will focus primarily on discovering various aspects of French culture in contrast with the students' own culture (American or otherwise). We will discuss topics such as how are living spaces arranged, what role do politics play in daily life, how is friendship defined, how do concepts of private and public space differ, how do people eat and what role does food play in national identity, etc. In the second semester we will step outside of France and learn about the culture and history of French-speaking West Africa and the Caribbean. Via poems, short stories, novels, and films, students will gain a broader portrait of the French-speaking world outside of France, and the role that language plays in shaping the identity and history of these regions.

FR991: Independent Tutorial in French

FR992: Independent Tutorial in French

FR993: Honors Independent Tutorial in French

Term: Semester 1

This is an opportunity for an individual or a small group of students to work with a member of the Department on a language or literature project in which they share an interest. Open to Upper Middlers and Seniors who have completed the French curriculum and have the permission of the Department and the Dean of Academic Affairs.

FR994: Honors Independent Tutorial in French

Term: Semester 2

This is an opportunity for an individual or a small group of students to work with a member of the Department on a language or literature project in which they share an interest. Open to Upper Middlers and Seniors with the permission of the Department and the Dean of Academic Affairs.

LA120: Latin I

Term: Year

This course serves three functions. First, it provides a sound foundation in the forms, grammar, and vocabulary of the Latin language so that student can read original passages of Latin prose and poetry. Second, through class discussions and primary sources, an appreciation of Latin literature and Roman culture and recognition of their influence upon the literature and cultural patterns of Western civilization is instilled. And third, because the class stresses Latin’s influence on English, students gain a heightened understanding of English vocabulary, grammar, and overall linguistic skills. The text for this course is Wheelock’s Latin and can be acquired via a paperback textbook or an e-book. This course is open to all students.

LA220: Latin II

Term: Year

This course continues the study of grammar and vocabulary. After a thorough review of grammatical concepts and vocabulary introduced in first year Latin, students transition to studying increasingly difficult grammatical concepts. Memorization of vocabulary, derivatives, and verb synopses are emphasized as students work to expand their grammatical foundations. Students use their newfound grammatical strengths to translate increasingly more difficult Latin sentences. The text for this course is Wheelock’s Latin and can be acquired via a paperback textbook or an e-book. This course is open to students who have completed LA120 or the equivalent.

LA230: Honors Latin II

Term: Year

This course continues the study of grammar and vocabulary at an advanced pace. After a thorough review of grammatical concepts and vocabulary introduced in first year Latin, students transition to studying increasingly difficult grammatical concepts. Memorization of vocabulary, derivatives, and verb synopses are emphasized as students work to expand their grammatical foundations. This honors course engages in rigorous grammar exercises and Latin composition, and emphasizes the reading experience at the second-year level. The text for this course is Wheelock’s Latin and can be acquired via a paperback textbook or an e-book, as well as Wheelock’s Latin Reader. This course is open to capable students who have completed LA120 with distinction or have permission of the Department.

LA323: Latin III

Term: Semester 1

After a comprehensive grammatical review, students transition to daily translations of intermediate Latin. Students follow an adapted Latin narrative about Horace to reinforce Latin grammar, all while gaining greater confidence in their translation skills. Through a closer look at the historical context of the text, students learn of the political climate during the 1st c BCE. There is daily sight and prepared translation in class, and each student participates daily in interpreting the material. The text is Oxford Latin Course, Part III. This course is open to students who have completed LA220 or the equivalent.

LA324: Latin III

Term: Semester 2

A continuation of Latin III, students will continue their exposure to Roman history and culture through ancient authors. As students progress through the styles of various prose authors, they will become more comfortable with the various sentence structures of authors such as Cicero, Caesar, and Sallust. This course is a continuation of LA323 and open to students who completed LA323 or the equivalent.

LA333: Honors Latin III: Prose in the Late Republic

Term: Year

This course looks at the shifting landscape of the late Republic through the eyes of various prose authors. Through selected readings from Pliny, Cicero, and Sallust, students will be introduced to a political climate that was unsteady at best and vitriolic at worst. By a close examination of these authors' styles and literary importance, students will begin to see the history unfold through the words of these writers. The text will be determined by discussion within the department. This course is open to students who completed second year Latin with distinction, the equivalent or with permission of the Department Head.

LA334: Honors Latin III: Poetry in the Late Republic

Term: Year

With a thorough knowledge of the Late Republic already gained through the eyes of prose authors, students will now transition into the study of poetry. Through selected readings of Ovid, Catullus, Virgil, Martial and others, students learn the subtle nuances that each author brought to his work. Students will be exposed to poetic devices and meters that different authors employed, as well as analyzing the Latin as a literary work. The text will be determined by discussion within the department. This course is open to students who completed second year Latin with distinction, the equivalent or with permission of the Department Head.

LA423: Latin IV: Roman Biography

Term: Semester 1

The Lives of the Caesars by Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus offers a tell-all biography of the early Roman emperors. Students will read excerpts from Caesar, Augustus, Caligula, and Nero in order to discover Suetonius’ purpose in writing the lives of these men. Suetonius’ work is a benchmark for biography writing and remains a key source for the history of Rome. Students will explore the genre of Roman biography, read Suetonius in his cultural and literary context, and engage advanced Latin syntax and vocabulary. Furthermore, students will develop critical reading and thinking skills through class discussion, quizzes, and written exercises. The text is Suetonius Reader. This course is open to students who completed LA332 or the equivalent.

LA424: Latin IV: Roman Elegy

Term: Semester 2

Students are introduced to Roman elegy through the works of various authors, including Tibullus, Catullus, and Ovid. This first extended look at Roman poetry explores the various topics of Roman poetry, but will focus on love poems for which elegy is most known. Students will learn the basics of elegiac meter as well as the contemporary events that correspond to the respective authors. The text will be determined by discussion within the department. This course is open to students who completed LA332 or the equivalent.

LA591: Independent Tutorial in Latin

Term: Semester 1

This course is an opportunity for an individual or a small group of students to work with a member of the Department on a project in which they share a common interest. Open to students by permission of the Department Head and the Dean of Academic Affairs.

LA592: Independent Tutorial in Latin

Term: Semester 2

This course is an opportunity for an individual or a small group of students to work with a member of the Department on a project in which they share a common interest. Open to students by permission of the Department Head and the Dean of Academic Affairs.

LA691: Independent Tutorial in Greek

Term: Semester 1

This course is an opportunity for an individual or a small group of students to work with a member of the Department on a project in which they share a common interest. Open to students by permission of the Department Head and the Dean of Academic Affairs.

LA692: Independent Tutorial in Greek

Term: Semester 2

This course is an opportunity for an individual or a small group of students to work with a member of the Department on a project in which they share a common interest. Open to students by permission of the Department Head and the Dean of Academic Affairs.

LA830: AP Latin

Term: Year

The course prepares students to take the Advanced Placement Latin Examination on selections from Vergil’s Aeneid and Caesar’s De Bello Gallico. Students will literally translate over 1800 lines of Latin that could appear on the AP Exam in May. In addition, students are responsible for several portions of each text in English. Special attention is paid to syntactical details as well as the effects of meter, imagery, and figures of speech. Larger themes and motifs, which pertain to the historical, cultural, and literary significances of these two works, are also examined. Students will have opportunities to demonstrate comprehension of non-syllabus based Caesar and Vergil passages by reading at sight. This course is open to students who have completed three years of Latin with distinction or have the permission of the Department Head.

LA991: Post-AP Latin

Term: Semester 1

This course is for students who have already successfully completed AP Latin; teacher and student work together to construct a syllabus which is both appropriately challenging and also reflective of the student's interests.

LA992: Post-AP Latin

Term: Semester 2

This course is for students who have already successfully completed AP Latin; teacher and student work together to construct a syllabus which is both appropriately challenging and also reflective of the student's interests.

LA993: Honors Independent Tutorial in Latin

LA994: Honors Independent Tutorial in Latin

LA996: Honors Independent Tutorial in Greek

SP120: Spanish I Intermediate

Term: Year

As an introduction to the study of Spanish, this course emphasizes fundamental grammatical structures and the acquisition and assimilation of practical vocabulary in conjunction with the development of the four language skills: writing, reading, speaking and listening. The use of audio and visual materials both in class and in the Pinto Language Lab helps students develop listening and speaking skills, enabling them to express themselves in Spanish from the start of the course. Students with little or no previous exposure to Spanish should select this course. At the end of the year students will be recommended for SP220 or SP230.

SP130: Accelerated Spanish I

Term: Year

The objectives of this course are identical to those of SP120; however, this course is for students who have already studied Spanish and display a good understanding of the language, but who are not sufficiently prepared for the second level. The pace will be faster, and those students who receive an honors grade at the end of the year will be recommended for Honors Spanish II.

SP210: Spanish II

Term: Year

This course is offered to students who would be otherwise unable to complete the Intermediate Spanish II course. Enrollment is open to students who have completed SP120 and who have the permission of the department. Not open to new students.

SP220: Spanish II Intermediate

Term: Year

This course is a continuation of the work begun in SP120 and SP130, focusing on the continued acquisition of basic grammatical structures and vocabulary. Students read short stories and a short novel during the year. The use of audio and visual materials both in class and in the Pinto Language Lab helps students develop listening and speaking skills, enabling them to express themselves in Spanish throughout the year. Students are expected to incorporate new grammar and vocabulary into writing and speaking assignments. Open to students who have completed SP120, SP130 or the equivalent.

SP230: Honors Spanish II

Term: Year

This course is for students who have demonstrated exceptional ability and achievement in the first level. Intensive study of grammatical structures, vocabulary and culture is supplemented by outside reading to provide an introduction to Hispanic literature. The use of audio and visual materials both in class and in the Pinto Language Lab is a regular component of the course. Open to students who have completed SP120, SP130 or the equivalent and have the permission of the Department.

SP310: Spanish III

Term: Year

This course is offered to students who would be otherwise unable to complete the Spanish III Intermediate course. Enrollment is open to students who have completed SP210 or SP220 and who have the permission of the Department. Not open to new students.

SP320: Spanish III Intermediate

Term: Year

The final phase of the three year language requirement, this course is a comprehensive review of the grammar presented in the first two years as well as an introduction to more advanced Spanish grammar. The course aims to increase students' communicative skills by reinforcing grammatical structures and by stimulating students to think about a variety of issues and concerns of the Hispanic world. Students will read selected literature, view films and videos, and make regular use of the Pinto Language Lab. Open to students who have completed SP220, SP230 or the equivalent. Students who finish the course with a strong grade are encouraged to continue on to Spanish IV.

SP330: Honors Spanish III

Term: Year

This course is designed to challenge those students who have demonstrated both high ability and interest in the second year and who intend to study Spanish at the Advanced Placement levels. Students read selections from both classic and modern literature and are introduced to a variety of cultural and historical topics. Although this course presupposes a command of grammar, a review grammar text supplements the literary and cultural readers. Students also work extensively in the Pinto Language Lab, and oral proficiency is stressed. The objective throughout the year is to prepare students for the Advanced Placement Spanish courses. Open to students who have completed SP220 or SP230 and have the permission of the Department.

SP423: Spanish IV: The Spanish Civil War

Term: Semester 1

This course will examine the Spanish Civil War: the history and political climate that shaped it and the literature, film, and art that the brutal event inspired. Understanding Spain's Civil War is essential to understanding Spain as it is in the 21st century.

SP424: Spanish IV: Art History of Spain and Latin America

Term: Semester 2

This course offers an overview of the artistic output of humans on the Iberian Peninsula and the Americas from prehistoric times to today, from the cave paintings of Altamira to Mexican muralists and beyond. Students will examine art, architecture, literature, film, and music. Everything will be put into its historical context so that students can understand how and why the art was produced.

SP430: Honors Spanish IV

Term: Year

This course is designed to give students the opportunity to explore Hispanic culture and history in greater depth through literature, film and art. This honors section of Spanish IV will include an emphasis on advanced grammatical structures, and students will be expected to incorporate this material in their writing, speaking and laboratory work. This yearlong course is a natural segue to the Advanced Placement level for the following year. Open to students who have completed SP320, SP330, or SP380 with the permission of the department.

SP591: Independent Tutorial in Spanish

Term: Semester 1

SP592: Independent Tutorial in Spanish

Term: Semester 2

SP830: AP Spanish Language

Term: Year

This course prepares students for the Advanced Placement Spanish Language Examination in May. Students who qualify for this class have a strong command of both written and spoken Spanish and are ready to undertake a demanding curriculum. Consistent with the composition of the examination, students will be required to read unedited literary and journalistic prose, understand lectures and conversational language, participate effectively in class, and write essays in Spanish. The Pinto Language Lab will be used extensively, and students will work independently with the resources. Students are expected to take the Advanced Placement Language Examination. Open to students who have completed SP330, SP380 or SP430 and have the permission of the Department.

SP850: Post-AP Hispanic Literature

Term: Year

Latin American and Spanish Studies:

In this class we will study the relationship between Spain and Latin America since 1492. During the first semester, we will study the Conquista and its repercussions on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean until 1898. We will read historical documents, literature, watch documentaries, etc and we will pay especial attention to the role of the Catholic Church during the Conquista. During the second semester, we will study the impact of the migration waves between Spain and Latin America. We will pay especial attention to the social civil right movements such as the American Labor and the Chicano movements in the USA, the liberation theology in Latin America, and the impact of Latin American immigration in the USA and Spain in both positive and negative ways.

SP991: Independent Tutorial in Spanish

SP992: Independent Tutorial in Spanish

SP993: Honors Independent Tutorial in Spanish

Term: Semester 1

This is an opportunity for an individual or a small group of students to work with a member of the Department on a language or literature project in which they share an interest. Open to Seniors by permission of the Department Head and the Dean of Academic Affairs.

SP994: Honors Independent Tutorial in Spanish

Term: Semester 2

This is an opportunity for an individual or a small group of students to work with a member of the Department on a language or literature project in which they share an interest. Open to Seniors by permission of the Department Head and the Dean of Academic Affairs.