AP U.S. History: 19th Century Reform Movements

See also Finding Primary Sources hints for finding documents and primary sources in our Library



The Library's RhinoCAT is an automated catalog of books, DVDs, and other library materials. RhinoCAT is available from any browser at http://taft.bywatersolutions.com. It is also accessible from your TaftNet homepage. A keyword search using a broad term will yield the most hits.


Encyclopedias and Reference Books/eBooks

To search large collections of ebooks simultaneously: Gale Virtual Reference Library, Infobase ebooks and Salem History. Also: Encyclopedia Britannica Online, the complete EB, plus authoritative websites and full-text journal access.







  • American Social Reform Movements Reference Library , 5vols. 2007 (an online ebook)
  • Encyclopedia of American Economic History. Ref HC 103 E52 3 vols
  • Encyclopedia of American Social History. Ref HN 57 .E58 1992 3 vols
  • Encyclopedia of American Social Movements. Ref HN 57 .E594 2004 4 vols
  • Encyclopedia of children and childhood : in history and society. 2004 (an online ebook)
  • Encyclopedia of drugs and alcohol. Ref HV5804 .E53 1995 4 vols
  • Encyclopedia of emancipation and abolition in the Transatlantic world. Ref HT 985 .E53 2007 3 vols
  • From suffrage to the Senate : America's political women : an encyclopedia of leaders, causes & issues. Ref HQ1236.5.U6 S32 2013 2 vols
  • Historical statistics of the United States. Ref HA 202 .H57 2006 5 vols
  • Oxford encyclopedia of American business, labor, and economic history. Ref HF 3021 .O94 2013 2 vols
  • Oxford encyclopedia of American social history. Ref HN57 .O94 2012 2 vols
  • Women in American history. Ref HQ 1410 .E53 2002 3 vols
  • Women in American politics. Ref HQ 1236.5 .U6 W43 2012 2 vols
  • Women's rights: documents decoded. Ref HQ1236.5.U6 S55 2014
  • Women's rights in the United States : a comprehensive encyclopedia of issues, events, and people. Ref HQ 1236.5.U6 W677 2015 4 vols



  • American History Through Literature 1820-1870 , 3v, 2006 (an online ebook)
  • Encyclopedia of Utopian Literature. Ref PN 56 .U8 S66 1995
  • Literary History of the United States. Ref PS 88 L522 1974
  • Literature and Its Times. Ref PN 50 .L574 1997 5 vols and 2 supplements (also an online ebook)
  • Oxford Companion to American Literature. Ref PS 21 .H3 1995
  • Oxford Companion to Southern Literature. Ref PS 261 .C55 2002


  • Breakthroughs: a Chronology of Great Achievements in Science and Mathematics. Ref Q 125 .P327 1985
  • Chronology of Science: from Stonehenge to the Human Genome Project. Ref Q 125 .C482 2002
  • Encyclopedia of medical history. Ref R133 .M34 1985
  • Oxford encyclopedia of the history of American science, medicine, and technology. Ref Q127.U6 O95 2014 2 vols
  • Science and Its Times: Understanding the social significance of scientific discovery Ref Q 175.46 S35 2000 8 vols (also an online ebook)

Taft Online Subscriptions

  • 19th Century US Newspapers Digital Archive (full text appear slowly) Contains full-text content and images from numerous newspapers from a range of urban and rural regions throughout the U.S. The collection encompasses the entire 19th century, with an emphasis on such topics as the American Civil War, African-American culture and history, Western migration and Antebellum-era life, among other subjects.
  • Academic Search Complete (Ebsco) Full text access to thousands of journals in all disciplines
  • America's Historical Newspapers 1690 – 2000 Full facsimile images of American papers back to the colonial era. Tip: check the Timeline for topics.
  • American History Online Overview essays, biographies, primary sources, videos and slideshows, images, timelines, and maps and graphs in American political, military, social, and cultural history.
  • American Periodicals (1740 - 1940) Contains periodicals published between 1740 and 1940, including special interest and general magazines, literary and professional journals, children's and women's magazines and many other historically-significant periodicals.
  • Annals of American History Search 2700+ primary source documents and multimedia by author, decade, or topic
  • Classroom Video on Demand Provides access to thousands of full-length videos and clips on core-curriculum topics
  • Hartford Courant 1764-1922 (ProQuest Historical Newspapers) Full-text of "America's oldest continuously published newspaper"
  • Issues and Controversies in American History Background, outcomes, and contemporary points of view for every major debate and conflict in American history
  • JSTOR Extensive backfiles of scholarly journals in the arts, humanities, and sciences, many dating back to the 19th century.
  • New York Times 1851-2008 (ProQuest Historical Newspapers) Graphical interface and full-text coverage back to the first issue in 1851 (Click here for Traditional Interface)
  • Science in Context Topic overviews, experiments, biographies, and links to quality websites, as well as coverage of the latest scientific developments in over 200 magazines and academic journals.
  • Sources in U.S. History: The Civil War. A digital collection of nearly 500 documents on the war that transformed America.
  • Sources in U.S. History: Slavery in America. A digital collection of over 600 documents including materials on the slave trade, plantation life, emancipation, pro-slavery and anti-slavery arguments, the religious views on slavery, etc.
  • U. S. History in Context Comprehensive collection of reference sources, primary documents, periodicals, maps and multimedia
  • Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1600 - 2000 Thousands of primary source documents and other resources in American women's history.
  • World History: The Modern Era Covers the history of the world from 1500 to the present. Includes reference articles, media and primary source material.


see Finding and Evaluating Websites for hints on how to locate authoritative websites

  • The 1850's in America (an online archive from the E Pluribus Unum Project, Assumption College) http://www1.assumption.edu/ahc/default1850.html
  • Africans in America (Arranged by era, this PBS companion website contains a collection of images, documents, stories, biographies and commentaries depicting America's journey through slavery)
  • America and the Utopian dream (introduces " American utopias through literary works and manuscript collections in the Beinecke Library" of Yale University)
  • American Memory (Digitized documents from the Library of Congress, which can be browsed by time period or topic, such as the African-American Pamphlet Collection and Woman Suffrage collections)
  • American Transcendentalism Web (from Virginia Commonwealth University)
  • American women through time (annotated and hot linked timelines and research sources from the library of Middle Tennessee State University
  • Antislavery Literature Project (encompasses slave narratives, lectures, travel accounts, political tracts, and other literature, including pro-slavery literature; a joint project of Arizona and Iowa State Universities)
  • Digital History (a online interactive, multimedia textbook of guided readings in American history; contains interactive timelines, primary sources, and more; from the University of Houston)
  • Divining America: the 19th Century (the role of religion in the development of the United States; from the National Humanities Center)
  • Documenting the American South: Primary Resources for the Study of Southern History, Literature, and Culture (A digital publishing initiative that provides Internet access to texts, images, and audio files related to Southern history, literature, and culture from the colonial period through the first decades of the 20th century from the University of North Carolina)
  • ECHO: Exploring and collecting history online - Science, Technology, and Industry (a collection of 5,000+ websites concerning the history of science, technology, and industry from George Mason Univ.; an advanced search will yield results relevant to 19th century America such as "From Quakery to Bacteriology: the emergence of modern medicine in 19th c. America")
  • Emory Women's Writers Resource Project ("a collection of edited and unedited texts by women writing from the seventeenth century through the early twentieth century" from Emory Univ.)
  • Encyclopedia of Mormonism (Macmillan's encyclopedia in full-text)
  • Gilder Lehman Institute of American History History by era (learning modules with topical essays, primary source documents, multimedia resources, and more. NOTE: students may register for a free account)
  • History of American Education Web Project (from Prof. Robert Barger at Eastern Illinois University)
  • Internet History of Science Sourcebook (primary sources and links to additional sites on the web; from Prof. Halsall of Fordham University)
  • Internet Sacred Texts Archive: Utopia and Dystopia
  • Making of America (MoA) (a digital library of primary sources in American social history primarily from the antebellum period through reconstruction)
  • Perspectives in American literature: A research and reference guide (From California State University)
  • Slavery and the making of America (companion website to the PBS series, "by focusing on the remarkable stories of individual slaves, it offers new perspectives on the slave experience and testifies to the active role that Africans and African Americans took in surviving their bondage and shaping their own lives)
  • TeachUSHistory.org (primary sources from the American Antiquarian Society and Old Sturbridge Village)
  • The Temperance Exhibit (from The Lost Museum, a collaborative project of the Graduate Center of City Univ. of NY and the Center for History and New Media, George Mason Univ.)
  • Voices from 19th century America: Works for children and adults (a vast collection of 19th c. literary fiction and non-fiction works written for children or adults arranged by subject; a project of Prof. Pat Pfiegler of West Chester Univ.)
  • Tocqueville's America (a project from the Univ. of Virginia including the full text of DEMOCRACY IN AMERICA, a virtual tour of America based on Tocqueville's itinerary, on his and his friend Beaumont's letters and journals, on contemporaneous accounts of other foreign visitors, and on a variety of examples of material culture of the period)

Revised 11/16