Find and Evaluate Websites

Finding Reliable Websites

Search Engines

What are they? Computer programs that search documents, especially on the World Wide Web, for a specified word or words and provide a list of documents in which they are found. Google, Bing and Yahoo! Search are among the most popular.

Search Tip

Combine your search term(s) with the phrase site:gov OR site:edu which will limit your results to the domain .gov for U.S. government agencies and the domain .edu for educational institutions in the U.S, the two most reliable domains.


Subject Directories

What are they? Websites selected and reviewed by scholars, librarians, and teachers, and organized by subjects.

  • SweetSearch, a search engine for students from, it searches only the 35,000 Web sites evaluated and approved by Dulcinea's staff of research experts, librarians and teachers.
  • Britannica Academic On your topic article page, find Web's Best Sites in the left sidebar to display sites selected by Britannica editors for quality and age-appropriateness

More places to find reliable websites


Evaluating Websites

Use the CRAP test: Currency, Reliability, Authority, Purpose



  • Is currency important for your topic?
  • When was the last update?


What type of organization is behind it? Look at the domain:

  • .com = represents a commercial business
  • .edu = represents an educational institution in the U.S.
  • .gov = represents a U.S. government entity
  • .net = originally represented network technologies companies, but now is often treated as an alternative to .com
  • .org = represents an organization, usually a nonprofit-making organization
  • Is it a personal page? Look for ~ or % after the domain.


  • Look for "About Us", "Sponsors", "Philosophy", "Biography", "Who am I"
  • What are their credentials? Why believe them?
  • What values do they stand for?
  • Is there evidence of bias?
  • Google the author's/organization's name
  • If none of the above, truncate back the URL one / at a time.


  • Inform with facts/data? Explain?
  • Persuade/sell/entice?
  • Deceive/rant/satire?
  • Is it biased? Check Media Bias Fact Check (this will work for newspapers, magazines and online news sources)

And lastly, does the content appear good quality?

  • Are sources documented in footnotes, or links outside that work?
  • Links to more information? Any dead links?
  • Links to other points of view?
  • Evidence of hype/trash/ranting? For ex: controversial topics
  • Misspellings and grammatical errors?

Updated 3/30/2019